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How Has Asia Fared in the Global Crisis? A Tale of Three Countries: Republic of Korea, Philippines, and Thailand

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  • H. Son, Hyun

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • A. San Andres, Emmanuel

    (Asian Development Bank)

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    Abstract

    The global economic crisis in 2008–2009 had varying impacts on economies in Asia and the Pacific. This paper studies the impacts of the global crisis, with emphasis on the labor market, on three Asian countries: Republic of Korea (Korea), Philippines, and Thailand. It develops a crisis index that measures the impacts of the crisis by comparing actual values of economic indicators during the crisis period (2008–2009) with counterfactual indicators derived from each country’s pre-crisis (2001–2007) long-term trends. The study finds that all three countries were significantly affected by the crisis, but the severity and channels of these impacts varied widely: Thailand suffered the most in terms of reduced growth in gross domestic product, Korea suffered the worst in reduced employment, and Philippines’ output was affected only in 2009. In the labor market, the study finds that the crisis led to significant job losses in all three countries and highlighted underlying problems, particularly Korea’s problems with youth unemployment, and Philippines’ and Thailand’s vulnerable industrial sectors.

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    File URL: http://www.adb.org/Documents/Working-Papers/2009/Economics-WP174.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Asian Development Bank in its series ADB Economics Working Paper Series with number 174.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0174

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    1. Yap, Josef T. & Cuenca, Janet S. & Reyes, Celia M., 2009. "Impact of the Global Financial and Economic Crisis on the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2009-30, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
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    Cited by:
    1. van der Meulen Rodgers, Yana & Menon, Nidhiya, 2012. "Impact of the 2008–2009 Twin Economic Crises on the Philippine Labor Market," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(11), pages 2318-2328.

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