Employment Status, Income Equality, and Poverty in Egypt
AbstractThe present study examines trends in employment status in Egypt in an important era of democratic transition. It examines determinants of different labor force participation by gender. The empirical analysis is based on the World Values Survey of the fifth wave (2005-2008). A comparative descriptive approach is used to analyze the difference between males' and females' employment status. The study uses logistic regression analysis to examine the determinants of different labor force participation, and to examine the impact of different labor force practices and income equality on poverty. Empirical findings support a gender gap with respect to accessibility to full time paid work, only young females, regardless their computer skills, education attainment, marital status are more likely to be engaged in full time work, while those in middle age are more properly engaged in unpaid employment. The study also finds a gender gap in job search intensity. We also conclude that there is no linkage between employment status and poverty, however we find a positive and significant impact of females 'perception regarding the importance of having more equal distribution of income and their perception regarding the importance of poverty problem. These results show that women in Egypt are less engaged in decent jobs because they are less educated, having lower skills, more affected by income inequality and poverty. Social security should be reformed to cover all women, reforms are also needed for pensions, and unemployment insurance, to cover all retired, old age, care –giving, and unemployed individuals
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 52578.
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision: 2013
Publication status: Published in Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 9.4(2013): pp. 27-35
Employment Status; Paid- Unpaid work; Formal and Informal work; Decent Work; Gender; Income Equality; Poverty; Egypt.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
- J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- O17 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2014-01-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-ARA-2014-01-17 (MENA - Middle East & North Africa)
- NEP-IUE-2014-01-17 (Informal & Underground Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Martha MacDonald, 1998. "Gender and Social Security Policy: Pitfalls and Possibilities," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 1-25.
Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Employment Status, Income Equality, and Poverty in Egypt
by pmakdissi in NEP-ARA blog on 2014-02-02 18:50:58
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