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Tax Competition in the European Union – Evidence from Panel Data

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  • Mara (Nandra), Eugenia Ramona

Abstract

After the last EU enlargement the problem of tax competition is more complex and this article tries to reflect the amplitude of this phenomenon. Some factors have a positive influence of tax competition and one of this is capital mobility, but others have a negative impact like public debt or budget deficit. Using a panel data for EU countries, analyzed on 1995-2004, we find significant correlations between the implicit tax rate of business income and corporation profits and the budget deficit, public debt, GDP per capita and the degree of openness of countries, the last variable is used as a proxy for capital mobility. The tax competition is specific only for direct taxation and for this reason we choose as dependent variables an indicator which is reflecting the effective tax burden on business income and corporations profits - the implicit tax rate of business income and corporations profits. The main conclusion is that every EU member states have a different degree of tax competition and this degree is limited by the EU requires concerning the budget deficit which have not exceed 3% of GDP and 60% for public debt.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 21082.

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Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision: 2007
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:21082

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Keywords: tax competition; panel analysis; harmonization; tax burden;

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  1. Fredrik Andersson & Rikard Forslid, 2003. "Tax Competition and Economic Geography," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 5(2), pages 279-303, 04.
  2. Signe Krogstrup, 2003. "A Synthesis of Recent Developments in the Theory of Capital Tax Competition," EPRU Working Paper Series, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics 04-02, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  3. George Halkos & Nickolas Kyriazis, 2006. "Is tax competition harmful and is the EU an optimal tax area?," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 163-177, April.
  4. Alfred Boss, 1999. "Do We Need Tax Harmonization in the EU?," Kiel Working Papers 916, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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