System-wide Impacts of Agricultural Export Taxes: A Simulation Experiment with Ethiopian Data
AbstractThis paper examines rural-urban spillover effects of agricultural price policy in a developing economy. It employs a computable general equilibrium methodology based on a bi-regional social accounting matrix for Ethiopia. The simulation experiment quantifies system-wide impacts of exports tax on agricultural products. Protecting consumers (particularly urban households), transferring income from producers to consumers, and shifting resources from the agriculture to industry are among the most important motivations cited in the literature for exports tax on agricultural products in developing economies. However, taking inter-regional spill-over effects into account, this study shows that the removal of agricultural export tax does actually improve household welfare both in the rural and urban regions. Also, the elimination of export tax enhances structural transformation of the economy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 1490.
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
: export tax; rural-urban migration; household welfare; Ethiopia;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
- H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
- F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
- R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
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- Skinner, Jonathan, 1991. "If Agricultural Land Taxation Is So Efficient, Why Is It So Rarely Used?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 5(1), pages 113-33, January.
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