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Tasa de Mortalidad Materna en Bolivia: Escenarios de Proyección y Requerimientos Financieros
[Maternal Mortality rate in Bolivia: Projection Scenarios and Financial Requirements (in Spanish)]

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  • Vargas Barrenechea, Martin

Abstract

The objectives of the study are to project the value of the maternal mortality rate till the year 2015 under a tendency scenario and to find the most cost-efficient option to reach the millenium development goal of to reduce this rate in 3/4, which implies, in the case of Bolivia, to reduce it until the value of 104. Using a model constructed with techniques of system dynamics, we conclude that Bolivia will not reach the goal, by the contrary, the value of the rate will be 208 at the year 2015. Also, we verified that the most cost-efficient intervention is the increase of the quality of the post labor attention, we also find it the most cost-efficient option to reach the millenium development goal at 2015. Los objetivos del estudio son proyectar el valor de la tasa de mortalidad materna por 100,000 nacidos vivos para el año 2015 bajo un escenario de tendencia y encontrar la opción más costo-eficiente para alcanzar la meta del milenio de reducir esta tasa en ¾, lo que implica, en el caso de Bolivia, reducirla hasta el valor de 104. Utilizando un modelo construido con técnicas de dinámica de sistemas, se concluye que Bolivia no alcanzará la meta; por el contrario, el valor de la tasa de mortalidad materna será de 208 para el año 2015. Asimismo, se comprueba que la intervención más costo-eficiente es el incremento de la calidad de la atención durante el puerperio, lo que posibilitaría alcanzar una tasa de 105. Esto significaría que si se mantiene las actuales políticas de salud publica pero se incrementa la calidad de puerperio y se cubre totalmente tanto atención de puerperio como atención prenatal en las áreas urbana y rural de Bolivia con un costo adicional de 105 millones de dólares del 2003 sobre el escenario base esto para el periodo 2007-2015.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 1469.

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Date of creation: Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:1469

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Keywords: MORTALIDAD MATERNA; DINÁMICA DE SISTEMAS; OBJETIVOS DE DESARROLLO DEL MILENIO;

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