Fordism and Taylorism are responsible for the early success and recent decline of the U.S. motor vehicle industry
AbstractThis paper identifies the ways in which the ideas of Fordism and Taylorism have been responsible for the success of the U.S. motor vehicle companies until 1955, and for their subsequent decline. On three occasions, the motor vehicle industry has changed the fundamental ideas on the process of manufacturing, and, perhaps more significantly, on how humans work together to create value. Under Fordism and Taylorism, the conditions of employment at the assembly lines became less and less bearable for the workers, and this resulted in an ongoing confrontation between management and the workforce, led by United Auto Workers (UAW). This confrontation resulted in escalating labor costs for the U.S. motor vehicle companies, and undermined their capacity to compete with the Japanese motor vehicle companies, who had developed a lean production system and a more humanistic management style.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by globADVANTAGE, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria in its series Working Papers with number 81.
Date of creation: 12 Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Fordism; Taylorism; decline of the U.S. motor vehicle companies; mass production system; lean production system; reflective production system; confrontational management-labor-relations;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- M0 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - General
- M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-09-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2011-09-22 (Business Economics)
- NEP-HIS-2011-09-22 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-HME-2011-09-22 (Heterodox Microeconomics)
- NEP-LAB-2011-09-22 (Labour Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Ronald Degen, 2009. "The confrontational management-labor negotiations that led to the failure of the United States motor vehicle companies and why the Japanese and Germans prevailed," Working Papers 51, globADVANTAGE, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria.
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