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Greening Growth in Japan

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  • Ivana Capozza
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    Abstract

    A decade of sluggish economic growth, concluding with the sharpest recession since the Second World War, has underlined the need for Japan to develop a new growth model. Such a model should restore public finances and long-term growth while preserving environmental quality and ensuring a sustainable use of natural resources. This paper assesses Japan’s progress in moving towards such an environmentally friendly growth pattern. It summarises Japan’s achievements and challenges in decoupling environmental pressures from economic performance. It analyses the use of market-based instruments, such as environmentally related taxes and charges and emissions trading schemes, to meet environmental and economic objectives, as well as steps taken to remove environmentally harmful subsidies. The level of integration of environmental concerns in Japan’s response to the economic crisis and in its long-term growth strategy is also analysed, particularly the policy mix used to take advantage of the growth and jobs opportunities arising from eco-innovation and the environmental goods and services sector. This Working Paper relates to the 2010 OECD Environmental Performance Review of Japan (www.oecd.org/env/countryreviews/japan). Après une décennie marquée par une croissance économique très faible, s’achevant en outre par la récession la plus brutale qui se soit produite depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale, il apparaît nécessaire que le Japon mette en oeuvre un nouveau modèle de croissance propre à restaurer les finances publiques et à revigorer la croissance à long terme, tout en préservant la qualité de l’environnement et en veillant à utiliser les ressources naturelles de manière durable. Ce rapport évalue les progrès accomplis par le Japon vers une croissance respectueuse de l’environnement de cet ordre. Il récapitule les réalisations du Japon et les défis que le pays doit relever afin de découpler les pressions exercées sur l’environnement des performances économiques. De plus, il analyse comment sont utilisés les instruments économiques, notamment les taxes ou redevances liées à l’environnement et les systèmes d’échange de permis d’émission, pour atteindre des objectifs environnementaux et économiques, ainsi que les mesures prises en vue d’éliminer les subventions dommageables pour l’environnement. Par ailleurs, le rapport examine dans quelle mesure la riposte du Japon à la crise économique et sa stratégie de croissance à long terme tiennent compte des préoccupations environnementales, en s’attachant tout particulièrement à l’étude de la panoplie de politiques et mesures appliquées pour tirer parti des possibilités de croissance et d’emploi dont l’écoinnovation et le secteur des biens et services environnementaux sont porteurs. Ce document de travail se rapporte à l’Examen environnemental de l'OCDE du Japon, 2010 (www.oecd.org/env/examenspays/japon).

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Environment Working Papers with number 28.

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    Date of creation: 18 Mar 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:28-en

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    Keywords: Japan; climate change; environmentally-related taxes; voluntary agreements; pollution abatement and control expenditure; performance targets; eco-innovation; green growth strategy; economic instruments for environmental policy; environmentally harmful subsidies; instruments économiques au service de la politique d’environnement; accords volontaires; subventions dommageables pour l’environnement; objectifs de performance; dépenses de lutte contre la pollution; taxes liées à l'environnement; éco-innovation; stratégie pour une croissance verte; changement climatique; Japon;

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    Cited by:
    1. Nesheiwat, Julia & Cross, Jeffrey S., 2013. "Japan's post-Fukushima reconstruction: A case study for implementation of sustainable energy technologies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 509-519.

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