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Socio-Economic Differences in Mortality: Implications for Pensions Policy

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  • Edward R. Whitehouse
  • Asghar Zaidi

Abstract

The analyses included in the report show that there are big socio-economic differences in mortality, especially for men, and they appear to have become bigger over time. The report discusses implications of mortality differentials for five major areas of pension policy: the progressivity of the pension system, the pension eligibility age, the retirement incentives, future pension expenditures and private pensions. The empirical work shows that the mortality differentials reduce progressivity in pension systems. Moreover, there is empirical evidence that raising retirement age is not more unfair to socio-economic groups with lower life expectancy. Les analyses présentées ici montrent qu’il existe de fortes différences socioéconomiques en termes de mortalité, surtout chez les hommes, et qu’elles se sont apparemment accentuées au fil du temps. Ce document examine les conséquences des écarts de mortalité pour cinq grands aspects de la politique de retraite : la progressivité du système de retraite, l’âge d’ouverture des droits à pension, les incitations à la retraite, les dépenses de retraite futures et les pensions privées. Les travaux empiriques font apparaître que les écarts de mortalité réduisent la progressivité des régimes de retraite. De plus, des données d’observation montrent que le relèvement de l’âge de la retraite n’est pas plus pénalisant pour les catégories socioéconomiques ayant une espérance de vie plus courte.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/231747416062
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 71.

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Date of creation: 05 Dec 2008
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Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:71-en

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Cited by:
  1. Hippolyte d'Albis & Loesse Jacques Esso & Héctor Pifarré i Arolas, 2012. "Mortality Convergence Across High-Income Countries: An Econometric Approach," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 12076, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  2. Adriaan Kalwij & Rob Alessie & Marike Knoef, 2013. "The Association Between Individual Income and Remaining Life Expectancy at the Age of 65 in the Netherlands," Demography, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 181-206, February.
  3. Knoef, M.G., 2011. "Essays on labor force participation, aging, income and health," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-4807622, Tilburg University.
  4. Patrick Aubert & Cindy Duc & Bruno Ducoudré, 2013. "French Retirement Reforms and Intragenerational Equity in Retirement Duration," De Economist, Springer, vol. 161(3), pages 277-305, September.
  5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00755682 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Legendre, Bérangère & Clark, Gordon & El Mekkaoui de Freitas, Najat, 2010. "Individual Private Pension Insurances : the effects of sociodemographics characteristics on poverty," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/8577, Paris Dauphine University.

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