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Counting Immigrants and Expatriates in OECD Countries: A New Perspective

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  • Jean-Christophe Dumont
  • Georges Lemaître
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    Abstract

    Results presented in this paper based on the new database on immigrants and expatriates in OECD countries, show that (i) the percentage of the foreign-born in European OECD countries is generally higher than the percentage of foreigners; (ii) international migration is quite selective towards highly skilled migrants; (iii) in most OECD countries, the number of immigrants with tertiary education exceeds the number of highly qualified expatriates to other OECD countries; (iv) among non-member countries the impact of the international mobility of the highly skilled is diverse: the largest developing countries seem not be significantly affected and indeed may benefit from indirect effects associated with this mobility while some of the smallest countries, especially in the Caribbean and in Africa, face significant ‘emigration rates’ of their elites. S'appuyant sur ces informations, l'OCDE a créé une nouvelle base de données sur les immigrés et les expatriés. Les résultats présentés dans ce document montrent que i) le pourcentage des personnes nées à l'étranger dans les pays européens de l'OCDE est généralement plus élevé que celui des étrangers ; ii) les migrations internationales s'orientent de manière sélective vers les migrants hautement qualifiés ; iii) dans la plupart des pays de l'OCDE, le nombre d'immigrés possédant un niveau d'éducation de l'enseignement supérieur dépasse le nombre des expatriés hautement qualifiés vers d'autres pays de l'OCDE ; iv) parmi les pays non membres de l'OCDE, l'impact de la mobilité internationale des travailleurs immigrés hautement qualifiés est diversifié : les grands pays en développement semblent moins affectés et en fait pourraient même bénéficier des effets indirects associés à cette mobilité, alors que certains pays de plus petite taille, spécialement dans les Caraïbes et en Afrique, se trouvent confrontés à des taux d'émigration élevés de leurs élites.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 25.

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    Date of creation: 22 Jun 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:25-en

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    Cited by:
    1. Daniela Federici & Marilena Giannetti, 2008. "Temporary migration and foreign direct investment," Working Papers 2008-03, Universita' di Cassino, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche.
    2. Michael Clemens, 2014. "Does Development Reduce Migration? - Working Paper 359," Working Papers 359, Center for Global Development.
    3. Michael S. Dahl & Olav Sorenson, 2010. "The Migration of Technical Workers," NBER Chapters, in: Cities and Entrepreneurship National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. World Bank, 2010. "Gambia, The - Youth Employment and Skills Development Study : Improving Youth Employment Outcomes Through Enhanced Skills Development," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2964, The World Bank.
    5. Ben Dolman, 2007. "Patterns of Migration, Trade and Foreign Direct Investment across OECD Countries," DEGIT Conference Papers c012_030, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
    6. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00641280 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Toubal, Farid, 2006. "Cultural proximity and trade," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 305, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    8. Felbermayr, Gabriel J. & Toubal, Farid, 2012. "Revisiting the Trade-Migration Nexus: Evidence from New OECD Data," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 928-937.
    9. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00641280 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Riccardo Natoli & Segu Zuhair, 2010. "Establishing the RIE index: a review of the components critical to progress measurement," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(8), pages 574-591, July.
    11. Grossmann, Volker & Stadelmann, David, 2008. "International Mobility of the Highly Skilled, Endogenous R&D, and Public Infrastructure Investment," IZA Discussion Papers 3366, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Ajay Agrawal & Devesh Kapur & John McHale, 2008. "Brain Drain or Brain Bank? The Impact of Skilled Emigration on Poor-Country Innovation," NBER Working Papers 14592, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Nathalie Lahire & Richard Johanson & Ryoko Tomita Wilcox, 2011. "Youth Employment and Skills Development in The Gambia," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 5923, October.
    14. Rashidi, Sheida & Pyka, Andreas, 2013. "Migration and innovation: A survey," FZID Discussion Papers 77-2013, University of Hohenheim, Center for Research on Innovation and Services (FZID).
    15. Annett Fleischer, 2006. "Family, obligations, and migration: the role of kinship in Cameroon," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2006-047, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    16. Jean-Christophe Dumont & Georges Lemaître, 2005. "Beyond the Headlines. New Evidence on the Brain Drain," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(6), pages 1275-1299.

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