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1-1 in Education: Current Practice, International Comparative Research Evidence and Policy Implications

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  • Oscar Valiente
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    Abstract

    Over the last decade, more and more public and private stakeholders, in developed and developing countries, have been supporting 1:1 initiatives in education (i.e. every child receives her/his own personal computing device). These 1:1 initiatives represent a qualitative move forward from previous educational experiences with ICT, inasmuch as every child is equipped with ubiquitous access to a personal device (usually laptops, netbooks or handhelds). The paper tries to systematise the most salient evidence about 1:1 initiatives in education drawing on official websites, program evaluations and academic meta-reviews. Information is provided about the policy expectations, program designs and the challenges for an effective implementation of 1:1 initiatives in education. Given the limited body of evidence, the paper raises unsolved questions about the cost-effectiveness and educational impacts of 1:1 computing in education. Au cours de la dernière décennie, de plus en plus d’intervenants du public et du privé des pays développés et pays en voie de développement, soutiennent les initiatives de 1:1 dans l’éducation (chaque élève dispose d’un ordinateur pendant les cours). Ces initiatives représentent une avancée qualitative par rapport aux expériences antérieures d’enseignement avec les TIC, dans la mesure où chaque enfant est équipé d’un accès universel à un dispositif personnel (généralement PC portables ou ordinateurs de poche). Le rapport tente de systématiser les preuves les plus tangibles dans l’élaboration des initiatives 1:1d'éducation sur les sites Web officiels, des évaluations de programmes universitaires et des méta-commentaires. L’information est fournie sur les attentes des politiques, des conceptions de programmes et les défis d’une application efficace des 1:1 initiatives dans l’éducation. Compte tenu de l’ensemble limité d’éléments de preuve, le document soulève des questions non résolues sur le coût-efficacité et les impacts pédagogiques de l’approche 1:1 informatique dans l’éducation.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kmjzwfl9vr2-en
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Education Working Papers with number 44.

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    Date of creation: 04 Mar 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:eduaab:44-en

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