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Product Market Competition in the OECD Countries: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

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  • Jens Høj
  • Miguel Jimenez
  • Maria Maher
  • Giuseppe Nicoletti
  • Michael Wise

Abstract

Based on 18 country reviews performed over the 2003-2005 period, this paper examines, the cross-country differences in policy approaches to product market competition and their consequences for product market rents. Against this background, the paper summarises OECD recommendations to further strengthen competition in various sectors and areas. These include: removing remaining barriers to trade and inward foreign direct investments; better securing deterrence of cartels through effective sanctions; facilitate market access to inherently competitive industries by easing zoning laws (the retail sector), abolishing reserved monopolies (sales of tobacco and alcohol), limiting the scope of trade associations’ self-regulation and easing residency or nationality requirements (professional services); meet competition challenges in network industries by facilitating the effective separation of monopoly components from competitive activities, reducing public ownership, clearly separating the government’s ownership and regulatory functions and creating the right incentives for investing in infrastructures. Concurrence dans les marchés des produits des pays de l'OCDE : bilan et perspectives Ce document est basé sur 18 études économiques de l’OCDE menées entre 2003 et 2005. Il examine les différences entre pays dans les politiques de la concurrence ainsi que leur conséquences sur les caractéristiques des marchés de produits. Sur cette base, le document propose une synthèse des recommandations de l’OCDE pour renforcer la concurrence dans différents domaines et secteurs économiques. Celles-ci comprennent: la suppression des barrières commerciales et aux investissements directs étrangers encore en place; une meilleure dissuasion des stratégies de cartel à l’aide de sanctions plus efficaces; un accès plus aisé aux activités concurrentielles en assouplissant les régulations concernant l’aménagement du territoire (commerce de détail), la suppression de certains monopoles (vente de tabac et d’alcool), la limitation des prérogatives des associations professionnelles dans le domaine règlementaire ainsi que l’assouplissement des obligations de résidence ou de nationalité (professions libérales) ; et un meilleur essor de la concurrence dans les industries de réseau par la séparation des activités en situation de monopole des activités concurrentielles, la réduction du degré de contrôle public, notamment en distinguant clairement les fonctions de tutelle des fonctions de régulation sectorielle et en mettant en place les bonnes incitations à l’investissement en infrastructures.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/108734233645
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 575.

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Date of creation: 17 Sep 2007
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:575-en

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Keywords: network industries; competition law; trade policy; OECD countries; antitrust issues and policies; market imperfections; inherently competitive sectors; pays membres de l'OCDE; défaillances de marché; régulations anti-trust; secteurs concurrentiels; droit de la concurrence; industrie de réseau; politique commerciale;

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Cited by:
  1. Mourinho Félix, Ricardo & Almeida, Vanda & Castro, Gabriela, 2008. "Improving competition in the non-tradable goods and labour markets: the Portuguese case," MPRA Paper 13945, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Crafts, Nicholas & O’Rourke, Kevin Hjortshøj, 2014. "Twentieth Century Growth*This research has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC grant agreement no. 249546," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 6, pages 263-346 Elsevier.
  3. Crafts, Nicholas, 2012. "British relative economic decline revisited: The role of competition," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 17-29.
  4. Crafts, Nicholas & Toniolo, Gianni, 2008. "European Economic Growth, 1950-2005: An Overview," CEPR Discussion Papers 6863, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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