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Migration in OECD countries: Labour Market Impact and Integration Issues

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  • Sébastien Jean
  • Orsetta Causa
  • Miguel Jimenez
  • Isabelle Wanner

Abstract

immigration for natives' labour market outcomes, as well as issues linked to immigrants' integration in the host country labour market. Changes in the share of immigrants in the labour force may have a distributive impact on natives' wages, and a temporary impact on unemployment. However, labour market integration of immigrants (as well as integration of second-generation immigrants - both in terms of educational attainments and of labour market outcomes) remains the main challenge facing host economies. In both cases, product and labour market policies have a significant role to play in easing the economy's adjustment to immigration. Les migrations dans les pays de l'OCDE : Impact sur le marché du travail et intégration Les pays de l'OCDE connaissent une période de forte croissance des pressions migratoires. Cet article s'interroge sur les conséquences de ce phénomène d'une part sur le marché du travail domestique, d'autre part sur les trajectoires d'intégration propres aux immigrés dans les pays d'accueil. Des changements dans la proportion d'immigrés dans la force de travail peuvent avoir un impact distributif sur les salaires des natifs et un impact temporaire sur leur taux de chômage. Cependant, l'intégration des immigrés sur le marché du travail (de même que l'intégration des immigrés de seconde génération, aussi bien sur le plan de la réussite scolaire que sur celui de la performance sur le marché du travail) demeure l'enjeu principal auquel se doivent de faire face les économies d'accueil. Dans les deux cas, la régulation des marchés de produits et la politique du marché du travail ont un rôle important à jouer afin de favoriser les ajustements économiques associés à l'immigration.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/164604735126
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 562.

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Date of creation: 04 Jul 2007
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:562-en

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Keywords: unemployment; product market regulation; employment; immigration; integration; labour market policies; wages; emploi; chômage; politique du marché du travail; intégration; salaires; immigration; régulation des marchés de produits;

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