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Making Reform Happen in Colombia: The Process of Regional Transfer Reform

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  • Sebastián Nieto Parra
  • Mauricio Olivera

Abstract

This paper studies the interaction between different actors in the policy-making process of fiscal transfer reform in Colombia. To analyse this reform, we use the “life cycle of reform” framework. In that context, we follow critical phases in the reform process: planning, dialogue and adoption, and implementation and sustainability stages. This paper shows that the economic context and institutional factors, such as the new political structure for interactions between agents after the 1991 Constitution, were fundamental in achieving the reform. Moreover, it confirms previous studies showing that communication and compensation strategies play a key role in the approval of reforms. When the “sustainability” of the reform is analysed, this study shows that there is a need to improve the co-ordination of public policies at different levels of government. Ce document étudie les interactions entre les différents acteurs dans le processus de formulation de la réforme des transferts budgétaires en Colombie. Dans le but d’analyser cette réforme, nous utilisons la structure conceptuelle du «cycle de vie » de la réforme. Dans ce contexte, nous suivons les cinq étapes critiques d'une réforme: la Planification, le Dialogue, l'Adoption, l'Exécution et la Soutenabilité. Ce document souligne que le contexte économique et les facteurs institutionnels, comme la nouvelle structure politique qui régit les interactions entre les agents suite à la Constitution de 1991, ont été fondamentaux dans le succès de cette réforme. Par ailleurs, cette recherche corrobore les résultats d’études antérieures mettant en avant le rôle essentiel des stratégies de communication et de compensation dans l’approbation des réformes. L’analyse de l’étape de «soutenabilité » de cette réforme révèle qu’il est nécessaire d’améliorer la coordination des politiques publiques aux différents niveaux de gouvernement.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k9gs20l5x0x-en
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 309.

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Date of creation: 31 Jan 2012
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:309-en

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Keywords: political economy; policy making process; reform; regional transfer; transfert régional; processus de formulation des politiques; réforme; économie politique;

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