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Les facteurs explicatifs de la malnutrition en Afrique subsaharienne

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  • Christian Morrisson
  • Charles Linskens
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    Abstract

    Ce document technique a utilisé toutes les données disponibles sur la malnutrition des enfants dans les Demographic and Health Surveys de 20 pays. Il présente donc l’analyse la plus complète des facteurs de malnutrition en Afrique. Cette analyse suit l’approche standard qui fait dépendre l’indicateur de santé de l’enfant, en l’occurrence la taille, uniquement de variables exogènes, à savoir des caractéristiques de l’enfant, des parents, de l’environnement et du revenu de la propriété des parents. Les tests économétriques confirment l’incidence de certaines variables utilisées dans les études précédentes. Surtout, ils nous apportent des résultats nouveaux en introduisant des variables qui n’avaient pas été prises en compte auparavant, comme la présence d’un jumeau, l’allaitement, l’accès de la mère aux médias et sa situation familiale. Ainsi, on a montré que l’accès aux médias a un effet toujours positif sur la santé de l’enfant tandis que la polygamie a l’effet opposé. L’incidence ... This Technical Paper uses all available data collected on the malnutrition of children in 20 countries for Demographic and Health Surveys. The paper thus presents an exhaustive analysis of the factors of malnutrition in Africa, following a standard approach where the health indicator of the child, in this case height, depends on exogenous variables, i.e. characteristics of the child, the parents, the environment and parents’ property income. The econometric tests confirm the effects of certain variables used in preceding studies. Above all, these tests present new results by introducing variables which had not previously been taken into account, such as the presence of a twin, breastfeeding, family situation and access of the mother to news and information sources. We find that access to the media always has a positive effect on child health, whereas polygamy has the opposite effect. The effects of infrastructure had scarcely been considered previously whereas, in this wide-ranging ...

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/513743835456
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 167.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2000
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:167-fr

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    Cited by:
    1. Davies, Simon, 2006. "Income, gender and consumption: A study of Malawian households," MPRA Paper 3944, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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