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Genetic Diversity and the Origins of Cultural Fragmentation

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  • Quamrul Ashraf
  • Oded Galor

Abstract

Despite the importance attributed to the effects of diversity on the stability and prosperity of nations, the origins of the uneven distribution of ethnic and cultural fragmentation across countries have been underexplored. Building on the role of deeply-rooted biogeographical forces in comparative development, this research empirically demonstrates that genetic diversity, predominantly determined during the prehistoric "out of Africa" migration of humans, is an underlying cause of various existing manifestations of ethnolinguistic heterogeneity. Further exploration of this uncharted territory may revolutionize the understanding of the effects of deeply-rooted factors on economic development and the composition of human capital across the globe.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 18738.

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Date of creation: Jan 2013
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Publication status: published as Quamrul Ashraf & Oded Galor, 2013. "Genetic Diversity and the Origins of Cultural Fragmentation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(3), pages 528-33, May.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18738

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  1. Fearon, James D, 2003. " Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 195-222, June.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Genetic diversity, phenotypic diversity and the founder effect
    by Jason Collins in Evolving Economics on 2013-03-06 13:46:20
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Cited by:
  1. Spolaore, Enrico & Wacziarg, Romain, 2013. "Long-Term Barriers to Economic Development," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 9638, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Elise S. Brezis & Verdier Thierry, 2014. "Geography, Economics and Political Systems: A Bird’s Eye View," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(1), pages 29-36, 04.
  3. Alberto Alesina & Johann Harnoss & Hillel Rapoport, 2013. "Birthplace Diversity and Economic Prosperity," NBER Working Papers 18699, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Ager, Philipp & Brückner, Markus, 2013. "Immigrants' Genes: Genetic Diversity and Economic Development in the US," MPRA Paper 51906, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Casey, Gregory P. & Owen, Ann L., 2010. "Inequality and fractionalization," MPRA Paper 25493, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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