The perfect foresights' assumption revisited : the existence of equilibrium with multiple price expectations
AbstractOur earlier papers had extend to asymmetric information the classical existence theorems of general equilibrium theory, under the standard assumption that agents had perfect foresights, that is, they knew, ex ante, which price would prevail on each spot market. Common observation suggests, however, that agents more often trade with an un-precise knowledge of future prices. We now let agents anticipate, in each random state, a set of plausible prices, called expectations, endowed with a probability distribution. These expectations are assumed to define a so-called "structure of beliefs", along which agents' expectations sets intersect on each spot market. We introduce a related concept of "correct foresights equilibrium" (CFE), in which equilibrium prices belong to all agents expectations sets. We prove that the existence of a CFE is still characterized by the no-arbitrage condition of finance. This result, which extends our earlier theorems, shows that private information or price uncertainty would not affect the existence but only the value of equilibrium prices and allocations.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number b08104.
Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
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General equilibrium; incomplete markets; asymmetric information; arbitrage; existence of equilibrium.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D52 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Incomplete Markets
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