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The perfect foresights' assumption revisited : the existence of equilibrium with multiple price expectations

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    Abstract

    Our earlier papers had extend to asymmetric information the classical existence theorems of general equilibrium theory, under the standard assumption that agents had perfect foresights, that is, they knew, ex ante, which price would prevail on each spot market. Common observation suggests, however, that agents more often trade with an un-precise knowledge of future prices. We now let agents anticipate, in each random state, a set of plausible prices, called expectations, endowed with a probability distribution. These expectations are assumed to define a so-called "structure of beliefs", along which agents' expectations sets intersect on each spot market. We introduce a related concept of "correct foresights equilibrium" (CFE), in which equilibrium prices belong to all agents expectations sets. We prove that the existence of a CFE is still characterized by the no-arbitrage condition of finance. This result, which extends our earlier theorems, shows that private information or price uncertainty would not affect the existence but only the value of equilibrium prices and allocations.

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    File URL: ftp://mse.univ-paris1.fr/pub/mse/CES2008/B08104.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number b08104.

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    Length: 21 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:b08104

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    Keywords: General equilibrium; incomplete markets; asymmetric information; arbitrage; existence of equilibrium.;

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    1. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00441895 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bernard Cornet & Lionel D Boisdeffre, 2009. "Elimination of Arbitrage States in Asymmetric Information Models," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 200912, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Dec 2009.
    3. Duffie, Darrell & Shafer, Wayne, 1985. "Equilibrium in incomplete markets: I : A basic model of generic existence," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 285-300, June.
    4. Monique Florenzano, 2008. "General equilibrium," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne b08005, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    5. Cass, David, 2006. "Competitive equilibrium with incomplete financial markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(4-5), pages 384-405, August.
    6. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00085543 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Cornet, Bernard & De Boisdeffre, Lionel, 2002. "Arbitrage and price revelation with asymmetric information and incomplete markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 393-410, December.
    8. Lionel Boisdeffre, 2007. "No-arbitrage Equilibria with Differential Information: An Existence Proof," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 255-269, May.
    9. Radner, Roy, 1979. "Rational Expectations Equilibrium: Generic Existence and the Information Revealed by Prices," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(3), pages 655-78, May.
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