Labour Standards and Migration : do labour conditions matter ?
AbstractWe study in this paper the interactions between migration rates and the level of labour standards. We use an augmented version of the Grogger and Hanson (2008) model, adding the level of working conditions into the specification. Our hypothesis is that the differential of working conditions may be a complementary determinant of migration. In a first time, we test the influence of labour standards in countries of origin using a database on emigration rates built by Defoort (2006) for the period 1975-1995. For labour standards, we built an original index with a temporal dimension. We find that labour standards in the source countries does not have a significant impact on the probability of moving abroad. In a second time, we use a bilateral migration database built by Marfouk and Docquier (2004) in order to test the influence of labour standards in destination countries. If labour standards in the source countries do not have a significant impact on migration flows, level of labour conditions in destination countries have multiple effects on bilateral migration flows. Social protection or protection of collective relations have a positive impact on migration, while job and employment protection laws have the opposite effect. We also find that high-skilled workers are much more sensitive to social security benefits while low skilled workers are more attracted by a protective job and employment legislation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number 09048.
Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
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Migration; labour standards; brain-drain; labour markets.;
Other versions of this item:
- Rémi Bazillier & Yasser Moullan, 2009. "Labour standards ans migration : do labour conditions matter ?," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 09068, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
- J8 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-07-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2009-07-28 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2009-07-28 (Economics of Human Migration)
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