The reform of network industries, privatisation and consumers’ welfare: evidence from the EU15
AbstractIn the past two decades privatisation and liberalisation of network industries providing services of general economic interest (SGEI), have been particularly significant in the European Union. Wide variations around a common policy trend can, however, be observed across countries and sectors. We focus on electricity, gas and telecoms sectors and study the welfare effects of reforms on users using both subjective data on consumers’ perception of utility prices and data on average prices paid. Our empirical findings for EU15 in the three industries we consider, are mixed. Privatisation per se consistently leads to higher consumer prices. There are, however, beneficial effects of market opening reforms, but often smaller and more uncertain than we would have expected. In terms of perceptions, consumers are happier with the price they pay under public ownership while the evidence is mixed for the other reforms. Thus, objective and subjective evidence are broadly mutually consistent, as far as privatisation is concerned. These findings are entirely new and tend to reject the earlier, more optimistic views by the European Commission on the outcomes of the reforms.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2009-41.
Date of creation: 16 Oct 2009
Date of revision:
Liberalisation; privatisation; consumersâ€™ satisfaction; welfare; electricity; gas; telecoms;
Other versions of this item:
- Carlo Fiorio & Massimo Florio, 2009. "The reform of network industries, privatisation and consumers’ welfare: evidence from the EU15," UNIMI - Research Papers in Economics, Business, and Statistics unimi-1088, Universitá degli Studi di Milano.
- L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
- L95 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Gas Utilities; Pipelines; Water Utilities
- L96 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Telecommunications
- L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series
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