Markup, Returns to Scale, the Business Cycle and Openness: Evidence from Australian Manufacturing
AbstractA Hall type model that includes intermediate materials in the production function and allows for non-stochastic time variation in the contribution of technical change to output growth is used to estimate markup and returns to scale for eight Australian manufacturing industries at approximately the two-digit level, during the period 1971-72 to 1984-85. Six of the eight manufacturing industries indicate markups that are greater than one, implying the widespread existence of market power in Australian manufacturing. Constant returns to scale are not rejected for any individual industry or jointly. Markups are generally found to be pro-cyclical, although there is some evidence to suggest that this relationship is not as strong in industries that are open to the international economy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Macquarie University, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers with number 0202.
Length: 22 pages.
Date of creation: Mar 2002
Date of revision:
Markup; Business Cycles; Openness;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F1 - International Economics - - Trade
- L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
- L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
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