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Réformes de politique agricole et dynamique de la pauvreté alimentaire en Côte d'Ivoire/Agricultural Policy Reforms and Food Poverty Dynamics in Côte d'Ivoire

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  • Arsène Kouadio
  • Vincent Monsan
  • Mamadou Gbongue
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    Abstract

    L'objectif principal de cette étude est de montrer l'importance des politiques d'incitation à l'investissement agricole dans la stratégie de réduction de la pauvreté alimentaire en milieu agricole. Les données sont tirées des enquêtes CILSS-LSMS "Côte d'Ivoire Living Standard Survey" ou enquêtes ménages (ENVM) réalisées par l'Institut National de la Statistique (INS), respectivement de 1985 à 1988 et en 1998. Un modèle de régressions de données de panel avec "rotation" a été utilisé pour établir le rôle de l'intervention de l'État dans la réduction de la pauvreté alimentaire, à travers l'incitation à l'investissement privé agricole. L'analyse de l'itinéraire des ménages classés pauvres alimentaire ou non pauvres alimentaire selon les seuils caloriques nécessaires et conseillés, a permis de suivre l'évolution du niveau de vie des ménages agricoles sur la période 1985-1988. Les résultats montrent que l'intervention de l'État contribue à améliorer le niveau de la consommation calorique des ménages agricoles à travers l'incitation à l'investissement privé. En revanche, son retrait progressif vers la fin de 1986 a fait basculer la consommation calorique journalière en dessous du seuil conseillé. Il y a donc intérêt à revisiter le débat sur la suppression ou non des subventions agricoles de l'État dans les pays pauvres.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2008-07.

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    Date of creation: 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2008-07

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    Keywords: Investissement; subvention agricole; panel avec rotation; consommation calorique;

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    1. Christophe Muller, 2005. "The measurement of poverty with geographical and intertemporal price dispersion, Evidence from Rwanda," Working Papers DT/2005/16, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    2. Denis Cogneau & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2002. "L’économie ivoirienne, la fin du mirage ?," Working Papers DT/2002/18, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    3. Breusch, T S & Pagan, A R, 1980. "The Lagrange Multiplier Test and Its Applications to Model Specification in Econometrics," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 239-53, January.
    4. Glewwe, P. & De Tray, D., 1988. "The Poor During Adjustment - A Case Study Of Cote D'Ivoire," Papers 47, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
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