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Investigating the Anatomy of the Employment Effects of New Business Formation

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  • Michael Fritsch

    ()
    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, School of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Florian Noseleit

    ()
    (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, School of Economics and Business Administration)

Abstract

Recent empirical research has found that the effect of new business formation on employment emerges over a period of about ten years and has identified a 'wave' pattern of these effects. In this study, we decompose the overall contribution of new business formation on employment change into direct and indirect effects. The results indicate that indirect effects of new business formation are quantitatively much more important than the direct effects. Furthermore, we find that regional differences of the employment change generated by new business formation can to a large part be explained by respective differences of the indirect effects. Hence, the interaction of the start-ups with their regional environment plays a great role for explaining their impact on regional development.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics in its series Jena Economic Research Papers with number 2009-001.

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Date of creation: 05 Jan 2009
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Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2009-001

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Keywords: Entrepreneurship; new business formation; regional development; direct and indirect effects;

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Cited by:
  1. Michael Fritsch & Alexandra Schroeter, 2011. "Does Quality make a Difference? Employment Effects of High- and Low-Quality Start-ups," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1400, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Schneck, Stefan & May-Strobl, Eva, 2013. "Wohlstandseffekte des Gründungsgeschehens," IfM-Materialien 223, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
  3. Michael Fritsch & Florian Noseleit, 2013. "Indirect employment effects of new business formation across regions: The role of local market conditions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(2), pages 361-382, 06.
  4. Rui Baptista & Miguel Preto, 2011. "New firm formation and employment growth: regional and business dynamics," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 36(4), pages 419-442, May.
  5. Henrekson, Magnus & Johansson, Dan, 2010. "Firm Growth, Institutions and Structural Transformation," Ratio Working Papers 150, The Ratio Institute.
  6. Martin Andersson & Florian Noseleit, 2011. "Start-ups and employment dynamics within and across sectors," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 36(4), pages 461-483, May.
  7. Michael Fritsch & Florian Noseleit, 2011. "Start-ups, Long- and Short-Term Survivors and their Effect on Regional Employment Growth," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1102, European Regional Science Association.

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