On the Evolution of the Spatial Economy with Multi-unit/Multi-plant Firms: The Impact of IT Development
AbstractThis paper examines how the decline of communication costs between management and production facilities within firms and the decrease in trade costs of manufactured goods affect the spatial organization of a two-region economy with multi-unit/multi-plant firms. The development of information technology decreases the costs of communication and trade costs. Thus, the fragmentation of firms is promoted. Our result indicates that, with decreasing communication costs, firms producing low trade-cost products (such as consumer electronics) tend to concentrate their manufacturing plants in low wage countries. In contrast, firms producing high trade-cost products (such as automobiles) tend to have multiple plants serving to segmented markets, even in the absence of wage differentials.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 16.
Date of creation: Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 16. 2004.11
Postal: Publication Office, IDE 3-2-2 Wakaba, Mihama-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 261-8545 JAPAN
Other versions of this item:
- Masahisa Fujita & Toshitaka Gokan, 2004. "On the evolution of the spatial economy with multi-uni-multi-plant firms: the impact of IT development," KIER Working Papers 598, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
- R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-02-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2007-02-03 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-ICT-2007-02-03 (Information & Communication Technologies)
- NEP-INT-2007-02-03 (International Trade)
- NEP-URE-2007-02-03 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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