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Myanmar Sugar SMEs: History, Technology, Location and Government Policy

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  • San Thein
  • Kudo, Toshihiro

Abstract

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) engaged in sugar processing in Myanmar appeared in the last decade of the socialist era. An acute sugar deficit, restricted trade in white sugar, and high demand from the conventional dairy business led to the growth of sugar SMEs by appropriate blending of semi-finished products (syrup) in the fields, which were then processed in vacuum pans and centrifugals to obtain white sugar. This became a tradable commodity and sugar SMEs grew in clusters in big cities. They are family-owned businesses. However, they lack the bagasse-based power generation. In recent years, large modern sugar factories operated by private and military companies have emerged as key players. The current shortage of fuel feedstock and competition for raw materials have become driving forces that shift sugar SMEs from market-oriented to raw material-oriented locations. Internal competition among key players made sugar price highly volatile, too. Being placed on a level playing field, the whole industry should be upgraded in terms of price and quality to become export-oriented.

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File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/738/3/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.147_kudo.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 147.

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Date of creation: Apr 2008
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Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 147. 2008.4
Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper147

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Related research

Keywords: Myanmar (Burma); Small and medium enterprise (SME); State-owned economic enterprise (SEE); Sugar; Sugarcane; Resource-based location; Market economy; Mandalay; Pyawbwe;

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  1. Kudo, Toshihiro, 2005. "Stunted and Distorted Industrialization in Myanmar," IDE Discussion Papers 38, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
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