Promoting Human Development in India: Costs of Inequality
AbstractPolicy emphasis in Indian economic development planning has always been on ?economic growth with income redistribution?. Such a strategy seeks to exploit the potential of development programmes for poverty reduction and welfare gains by reducing the costs due to inequality in income distribution. The state of Kerala provides an empirical example to show how it is possible to achieve both growth and improved income distribution by human development, which is also acknowledged by the Government of India. The three critical dimensions of human development identified by the UNDP are (i) a long and healthy life; (ii) knowledge; and (iii) a decent standard of living as measured by per capita income. There is ample scope for achieving economic growth, human development and poverty reduction by reducing the extent of inequality in all these three dimensions of human development. Therefore, this study seeks to quantify the loss in human development due to inequalities in these three dimensions across states in India. This is done using the methodology to estimate a new index called the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) proposed by the UNDP in its Human Development Report for 2010 entitled The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development. (?)
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth in its series Working Papers with number 109.
Date of creation: May 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by UNDP - International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth , May 2013, pages 1-20
Promoting Human Development in India: Costs of Inequality;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-06-04 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Amartya Sen, 1995.
"Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure,"
innlec95/2, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
- Sen, Amartya, 1998. "Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 1-25, January.
- Milorad Kovacevic, 2010. "Measurement of Inequality In Human Development - A Review," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2010-35, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
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