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Why has home ownership fallen among the young?

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  • Jonas D. M. Fisher
  • Martin Gervais

Abstract

We document that home ownership of households with 'heads' aged 25-44 years fell substantially between 1980 and 2000 and recovered only partially during the 2001-2005 housing boom. The 1980-2000 decline in young home ownership occurred as improvements in mortgage opportunities made it easier to purchase a home. This paper uses an equilibrium life-cycle model calibrated to micro and macro evidence to understand why young home ownership fell over a period when it became easier to own a home. Our findings indicate that a trend toward marrying later and the increase in household earnings risk that occurred after 1980 account for 3/5 to 4/5 of the decline in young home ownership.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for Fiscal Studies in its series IFS Working Papers with number W09/08.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:ifs:ifsewp:09/08

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Keywords: Housing; home ownership; tenure choice; first-time home-buyers; marriage; income risk;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Roine Vestman, 2013. "Limited Stock Market Participation Among Renters and Home Owners," 2013 Meeting Papers 549, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Rendon, Silvio & Quella, Núria, 2013. "Behind the Great Recession: Job Search and Housing Decisions," IZA Discussion Papers 7773, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Jonathan Halket & Santhanagopalan Vasudev, 2012. "Home Ownership, Savings, and Mobility Over The Life Cycle," Economics Discussion Papers 712, University of Essex, Department of Economics.
  4. Michael Amior & Jonathan Halket, 2011. "Do Households Use Homeownership To Insure Themselves? Evidence across US Cities," 2011 Meeting Papers 276, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  5. Jonathan Halket & Santhanagopalan Vasudev, 2013. "Online Appendix to "Saving Up or Settling Down: Home Ownership over the Life Cycle," Technical Appendices 12-89, Review of Economic Dynamics.
  6. Mennuni, Alessandro & Gervais, Martin, 2014. "Optimal fiscal policy in the neoclassical growth model revisited," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 1406, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
  7. Orazio Attanasio & Renata Bottazzi & Hamish Low & Lars Nesheim & Matthew Wakefield, 2012. "Modelling the Demand for Housing over the Lifecycle," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 15(1), pages 1-18, January.
  8. Alexis Anagnostopoulos & Orhan Erem Atesagaoglu & Eva Carceles-Poveda, 2012. "Skill-Biased Technological Change and Homeownership," Department of Economics Working Papers 12-09, Stony Brook University, Department of Economics.
  9. Agarwal, Sumit & Hu, Luojia & Huang, Xing, 2013. "Rushing into American Dream? House Prices, Timing of Homeownership, and Adjustment of Consumer Credit," Working Paper Series WP-2013-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  10. Tomura, Hajime, 2013. "Heterogeneous beliefs and housing-market boom-bust cycles," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 735-755.

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