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Genes, security, tolerance and happiness

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Author Info

  • Ronald Inglehart

    ()
    (Higher School of Economics)

  • Svetlana Borinskaya

    ()
    (Institute of General Genetics, Moscow, Russia)

  • Anna Cotter

    ()
    (University of Michigan)

  • Jaanus Harro

    ()
    (Department of Psychology, University of Tartu, Estonian Centre of Behavioral and Health Sciences)

  • Ronald C. Inglehart

    ()
    (University of Michigan)

  • Eduard Ponarin

    ()
    (Higher School of Economics)

  • Christian Welzel

    ()
    (Center for the Study of Democracy, Leuphana University, Scharnhorststr.)

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    Abstract

    This paper discusses correlations between certain genetic characterestics of the human populations and their aggregate levels of tolerance and happiness. We argue that a major cause of the systematic clustering of genetic characteristics may be climatic conditions linked with relatively high or low levels of parasite. This may lead certain populations to develop gene pools linked with different levels of avoidance of strangers, which helped shape different cultures, both of which eventually helped shape economic development. Still more recently, this combination of distinctive cultural and economic and perhaps genetic factors has led some societies to more readily adopt gender equality and high levels of social tolerance, than others. More tolerant societies tend to be happier because they create a more relaxed environment conducive to happiness.

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    File URL: http://www.hse.ru/data/2013/12/30/1342090586/31SOC2013.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by National Research University Higher School of Economics in its series HSE Working papers with number WP BRP 31/SOC/2013.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: 2013
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in WP BRP Series: Sociology / SOC, December 2013, pages 1-31
    Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:31/soc/2013

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    Related research

    Keywords: genetic research; World Values Survey; happiness; tolerance.;

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