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Childhood Peer Status and the Clustering of Adverse Living Conditions in Adulthood

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Author Info

  • Almquist, Ylva B.

    ()
    (Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS))

  • Brännström, Lars

    ()
    (Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University)

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    Abstract

    Within the context of the school class, children attain a social position in the peer hierarchy to which varying amounts of status are attached. Several studies have shown that children’s peer status is associated with a wide range of social and health-related outcomes. These studies commonly target separate outcomes, paying little attention to the fact that such circumstances are likely to go hand in hand. The overarching aim of the present study was therefore to examine the impact of childhood peer status on the clustering of living conditions in adulthood. Based on a 1953 cohort born in Stockholm, Sweden, multinomial regression analysis demonstrated that children who had lower peer status also had exceedingly high risks of ending up in more problem-burdened clusters as adults. Moreover, these associations remained after adjusting for a variety of family-related circumstances. We conclude that peer status constitutes a central aspect of children’s upbringing with important consequences for subsequent life chances, over and above the influences originating from the family.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Swedish Institute for Social Research in its series Working Paper Series with number 1/2012.

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    Length: 37 pages
    Date of creation: 11 Jan 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2012_001

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    Postal: SOFI, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
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    Related research

    Keywords: childhood; peer status; cohort; life course; outcome profiles; living conditions;

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    1. Holland, P. & Berney, L. & Blane, D. & Davey Smith, G. & Gunnell, D. J. & Montgomery, S. M., 2000. "Life course accumulation of disadvantage: childhood health and hazard exposure during adulthood," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 50(9), pages 1285-1295, May.
    2. Östberg, Viveca, 2003. "Children in classrooms: peer status, status distribution and mental well-being," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 17-29, January.
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