Provision of Primary Healthcare Services in Urban areas of Bangladesh – the Case of Urban Primary Health Care Project
AbstractPrimary healthcare in Bangladesh is supposed to be a public responsibility, and until recently the government has tried to provide basic services directly through its own bureaucracy. However, the public sector faces acute problems in meeting the growing needs of urban population, especially the poor. In recent years, new institutions such as partnerships with not-for-profit private organizations are sought to improve the access and quality of primary care. This paper focuses on one urban partnership project, UPHCP in Bangladesh. It analyzes the accountability relationships among different stakeholders involved in the project and cost effectiveness of contracting out. The paper finds that the accountability relationships in UPHCP are not transparent, and the programme is costly in terms of human resources because of multiple principals and agents involved compared to direct government provision. The beneficial impact of UPHCP on urban primary care is well-documented, but such institutional arrangement will have difficulties in expansion on a large scale without external assistance. Another weakness of the programme is the lack of a sense of ownership and trust in its continuity among the population that works against social accountability and client power.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Lund University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2007:9.
Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 29 May 2007
Date of revision:
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Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund,Sweden
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Contracting out; NGO's; Primary healthcare;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-06-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-CWA-2007-06-11 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-DEV-2007-06-11 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2007-06-11 (Health Economics)
- NEP-PPM-2007-06-11 (Project, Program & Portfolio Management)
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