Substitution or overlap? The relations between geographical and non-spatial proximity dimensions in collaborative innovation projects
AbstractTraditionally, economic geographers stress geographical proximity’s positive impact on collaboration processes. Recently, effects of cognitive, organisational, social and institutional proximity dimensions have been emphasised. This paper examines the relations between geography and these non-spatial dimensions by distinguishing two mechanisms: the substitution mechanism, where non-spatial forms of proximity substitute for geographical proximity, and the overlap mechanism, where geographical proximity facilitates non-spatial proximity. The two mechanisms’ importance is analysed in collaborative innovation projects in the Danish cleantech industry. Regression models are complemented by a qualitative analysis of the relationship between the geographical and institutional dimensions, which is the only relation where the substitution mechanism is of little importance.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy in its series CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers with number 2013/18.
Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 10 May 2013
Date of revision:
Proximity; cleantech; collaboration; knowledge linkages; innovation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L69 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
- R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-09-25 (All new papers)
- NEP-CSE-2013-09-25 (Economics of Strategic Management)
- NEP-CWA-2013-09-25 (Central & Western Asia)
- NEP-GEO-2013-09-25 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-IND-2013-09-25 (Industrial Organization)
- NEP-INO-2013-09-25 (Innovation)
- NEP-LAM-2013-09-25 (Central & South America)
- NEP-LTV-2013-09-25 (Unemployment, Inequality & Poverty)
- NEP-NEU-2013-09-25 (Neuroeconomics)
- NEP-PPM-2013-09-25 (Project, Program & Portfolio Management)
- NEP-URE-2013-09-25 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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