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Remittances from Sweden. an Exploration of Swedish Survey Data

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  • Pelling, Lisa

    (University of Vienna)

  • Hedberg, Charlotta

    ()
    (Stockholm University. Department of Human Geography)

  • Malmberg, Bo

    ()
    (Stockholm University.Department of Human Geography)

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    Abstract

    The present study explores data on transfers of gifts/economic support to relatives from a recent Swedish Household Income Survey (HEK) compiled by Statistics Sweden. It provides the first analysis of demographic determinants of remittances from Sweden based on official household survey and register data. By exploring a data set that also includes non-migrant households, it presents a unique comparison of patterns of gift-giving and intra-family support between migrant and non-migrant households. We argue that data from the Household Income Survey can be used to obtain an empirically based estimation of the determinants of remittances from Sweden. According to our results, the flows of remittances to developing countries from Sweden appear to be relatively small in comparison with remittance flows from other developed countries. The article analyses these transfers of gifts/economic support in relation to different kinds of income, education, age, time since migration, acquisition of citizenship and family situation. Analyses are made for three types of country groups : developing countries, non-developing countries and Sweden. Whereas the general propensity to give economic support to relatives is similar among native Swedes and migrants from developing and non-developing countries, the patterns of gift-giving and intra-family economic support differ significantly over the life course between individuals from different country groups. Native Swedes tend to give gifts and economic support to relatives at higher ages and when they have adult children who have moved away from home. Migrants from developing countries tend to be younger and have children living at home. The propensity of native Swedes to remit increases with increasing income. Among migrants born in developing countries, other factors than income seem to be more decisive for the propensity to remit. Diverging patterns of remittances between migrants from developing countries and the other groups indicate that remittances are strongly related to phases in the individual life course that vary with the individual migration history.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for Futures Studies in its series Arbetsrapport with number 2011:1.

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    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: 19 Jan 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifswps:2011_001

    Note: ISSN:1652-120X ISBN: 978-91-85619-77-1
    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Institute for Futures Studies, Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden
    Phone: 08-402 12 00
    Fax: 08-24 50 14
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    Web page: http://www.framtidsstudier.se
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    Related research

    Keywords: Remittances; Intra-family transfers; Life course;

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