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Endogenous Market Segmentation and the Law of One Price

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  • Friberg, Richard

    ()
    (Dept. of Economic Statistics, Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Martensen, Kaj

    (Dept. of Economic Statistics, Stockholm School of Economics)

Abstract

To the surprise of many, price deviations between markets characterized by imperfect competition have often been little affected by lower transport costs. In a Cournot model we show that if firms' decisions to segment markets are endogenous, then lower transport costs are, in many cases, associated with greater price differentials between markets. The intuition is that lower transport costs, by facilitating arbitrage, place a tighter restriction on the maximization problem and a firm is willing to take a greater cost in order to segment. We examine how the resulting equilibria depend on transport costs, product differentiation and costs of segmenting.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stockholm School of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance with number 471.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 30 Oct 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:hastef:0471

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Keywords: price discrimination; market integration; law of one price.;

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Cited by:
  1. Ganslandt, Mattias & Maskus, Keith E., 2005. "Vertical Distribution, Parallel Trade, and Price Divergence in Integrated Markets," Working Paper Series 639, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  2. Richard Friberg, 2003. "Common Currency, Common Market?," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 650-661, 04/05.

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