Knowledge economics and underlying weaknesses in premises governing local policies on technology
AbstractIn the literature, the local dimension of technology policies is often analysed from one dominant point of view, that of the localised character of knowledge externalities. It is nonetheless widely acknowledged that the globalisation process in the ‘knowledge economy’ has implicitly taken on a double (global and local) dimension. But even when this principle has been taken into account, problems still arise when it comes to determining any precise geographical limits. This paper seeks to question the present basis of public policies driving the technological field at the local level. The first part of this paper presents a critical appraisal of localisation analyses with regard to innovative activities exclusively based on the role of knowledge. This discussion leads us to recommend a methodological re-positioning in terms of ‘proximity economies’. In our second part, we endeavour to show that the former stress on local dimensions has brought about a ‘localist’ drift, which is identifiable if only through the insufficiencies of the line of argument upon which these policies are being founded. This leads us, in our third part, to show, on the basis of examples, that identifying the knowledge premises behind local technological policies will require fresh research, most certainly in a more institutional direction.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales in its series Cahiers du GRES with number 2004-06.
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Agglomeration Coordination Knowledge economy Local policies on technology Localisation Processus d’innovation Proximity economies Research and development Science industry interactions Technological externalities;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
- O32 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-05-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2004-05-02 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-GEO-2004-05-02 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-INO-2004-05-02 (Innovation)
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- Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA-GRES), 2007. "Toward a regionalisation of industrial politics: the case of French aerospace industry in Aquitaine (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2007-07, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
- Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Spatial dynamics of innovation (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-21, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
- Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA), 2007. "Toward a regionalisation of industrial policy: the case of French aerospace industry in Aquitaine (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2007-03, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
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