The Spatial Pattern of FDI: Some Testable Hypotheses
AbstractThis paper is a simple extension of the standard FDI model of Markusen and Horstmann (1992). This latter predicts firms would supply nearby markets with exports but far away markets with FDI. Nevertheless, this does not match the spatial pattern in the data for many home nations and industries. We propose a model with heterogeneous firms where the spatial pattern of FDI depends upon distance-linked communications costs as well as trade costs; the resulting model lines up both with the aggregate knowledge-capital model evidence and the firm-level evidence of Helpman-Melitz-Yeaple, while still allowing individual firms to engage in FDI in nearby markets while supplying distant markets via exports.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies in its series IHEID Working Papers with number 24-2007.
Date of creation: Oct 2007
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-11-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-GEO-2007-11-03 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-INT-2007-11-03 (International Trade)
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- Krautheim, Sebastian, 2009.
Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies
2009,20, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
- Pamela Bombarda, 2011. "Intra-firm and arm's length trade: how distance matters?," Working Papers hal-00877199, HAL.
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