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Pôle de compétitivité, spillovers et coopération R et D

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  • Iritié, J.J.

Abstract

Les pôles de compétitivité, basés sur le modèle des clusters, sont au coeur de la nouvelle politique industrielle française. Ils ont pour objet de favoriser un environnement propice à l'innovation à fort potentiel technologique, moteur de croissance économique. L'objectif de ce papier est d'analyser les effets de ce dispositif industriel sur les incitations à innover des firmes et sur la performance de la coopération R et D. Pour ce faire, nous développons un modèle de duopole, coopératif en R et D, co-localisé sur un territoire avec d'autres firmes et intégrant les spillovers localisés. Les résultats montrent que les pôles créent des incitations informationnelles socialement sous-optimales pour corriger totalementle problème classique de sous-investissement en matière de R et D. Ce qui justifie les incitations financières publiques. Par ailleurs, on montre que les pôles peuvent favoriser des comportements collusifs, inattendus, entre les firmes et qui déstabiliseraient la coopération R et D.

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File URL: http://www.grenoble.inra.fr/Docs/pub/A2012/gael2012-05.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL) in its series Working Papers with number 2012-05.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:gbl:wpaper:2012-05

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Keywords: SPILLOVERS LOCALISES; POLE DE COMPETITIVITE; COOPERATION R ET D; CAPACITE D'ABSORPTION; POINT COL.;

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