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Polarización y segregación en la distribución del ingreso en el Perú: trayectorias desiguales

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Abstract

A partir de estimaciones de crecimiento del gasto per cápita, pobreza y desigualdad para los años 1981, 1993 y 2007, el estudio encuentra que si bien la desigualdad del gasto per cápita entre individuos (medida por los coeficientes de Gini o de Theil) muestra una ligera tendencia a la baja, las desigualdades entre grupos (asociadas a procesos desegregación y polarización y vinculadas en la literatura a una mayor conflictividad social) se habrían exacerbado. En particular, se observa una tendencia de largo plazo a la segregación y polarización espacial a favor de las grandes ciudades en contraposición a la dinámica de ciudades pequeñas y pueblos. Esta tendencia hacia una creciente polarización espacial va de la mano de una creciente polarización entre grupos indígenas y no indígenas. Sin embargo, no se observa una tendencia similar entre grupos con niveles educativos distintos.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE) in its series Documentos de Investigación with number dt62.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt62

Note: Documento de investigación, 62
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Keywords: Distribución del Ingreso; Desigualdad económica; Desigualdad social; Pobreza; Perú; Income distribution; Economic disparity; Social inequality; Poverty; Peru;

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