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The Welfare Cost of Taxation and Endogenous Growth

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  • Christophe Chamley

Abstract

The marginal efficiency costs of different taxes is analyzed in three models with endogenous growth, and the values are compared with those found in standard models. The models analyze how taxes af- fect (i) the trade-off between human capital accumulation and leisure, (ii) the intertemporal trade-off in consumption, and (iii) the trade-offs in a two-sector model. In general, the efficiency cost in models with endogenous growth may be greater or lower than in models with exogenous growth. When the value of the efficiency cost is very large, it is found to be very sensitive to the specification of the model, and it is reduced dramatically when government expenditures are a production input. In the two-sector model, the only tax which has a very high efficiency cost is the tax on time spent for human capital accumulation, and it may not be empirically important. It is verified that a positive impact of a tax reform on the long-term growth rate is not indicative of welfare 'improvement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Boston University, Institute for Economic Development in its series Boston University - Institute for Economic Development with number 30.

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Date of creation: Dec 1992
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fth:bosecd:30

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Cited by:
  1. Paul A. de Hek, 2003. "On Taxation in a Two-Sector Endogenous Growth Model with Endogenous Labor Supply," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-029/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Koichi Futagami & Kazuo Mino, 1995. "Public capital and patterns of growth in the presence of threshold externalities," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 61(2), pages 123-146, June.
  3. Ladron-de-Guevara, Antonio & Ortigueira, Salvador & Santos, Manuel S., 1997. "Equilibrium dynamics in two-sector models of endogenous growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 115-143, January.
  4. Chamley, Christophe, 2001. "Capital income taxation, wealth distribution and borrowing constraints," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 55-69, January.
  5. Turnovsky, Stephen J., 1996. "Optimal tax, debt, and expenditure policies in a growing economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 21-44, April.
  6. Chakraborty, Bidisha & Gupta, Manash Ranjan, 2009. "Human capital, inequality, endogenous growth and educational subsidy: A theoretical analysis," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 77-90, June.

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