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How to overcome the governance challenges of implementing NREGA


Author Info

  • Raabe, Katharina
  • Birner, Regina
  • Sekher, Madhushree
  • Gayathridevi, K.G.
  • Shilpi, Amrita
  • Schiffer, Eva


Large-scale social safety net programs such as India�s National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) are difficult to implement due to governance challenges related to elite capture, leakages, and corruption. The ability to identify how the governance challenges of program implementation can be met requires detailed insights into the actual process of program implementation, with clear views on the source of leakage and mismanagement, the sensitivity of program implementation to the influence of different actors, local power structures and informal bureaucratic processes. This paper uses a new participatory research method, referred to as Process-Influence Mapping, to shed light on these issues and related governance challenges, using the implementation of NREGA as an example. The Process-Influence Mapping tool helps identify the specific features of the NREGA implementation process that limit the program�s effectiveness (for example, elite capture in the definition of work and capacity limitations due to staff shortages and lack of training) and create scope for the misappropriation of funds. The insights gained can be used to identify policy options for reforming the administrative process of NREGA implementation so as to create an effective social safety net.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series IFPRI discussion papers with number 963.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifprid:963

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Keywords: Governance; National Rural Employment Guarantee Act; participatory research method; Process-Influence-Map;

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  1. World Bank, 2007. "Tools for Institutional, Political, and Social Analysis of Policy Reform : A Sourcebook for Development Practitioners," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6652.
  2. Pritchett, Lant & Woolcock, Michael, 2004. "Solutions When the Solution is the Problem: Arraying the Disarray in Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 191-212, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Latynskiy, Evgeny & Berger, Thomas, 2012. "An Agent-Based Network Approach For Understanding, Analyzing And Supporting Rural Producer Organizations In Agriculture," 52nd Annual Conference, Stuttgart, Germany, September 26-28, 2012 137383, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
  2. Birner, Regina & Okumo, Austen, 2011. "Challenges of Land Governance in Nigeria: Insights from a Case Study in Ondo State: Insights from a case study in Ondo state," NSSP working papers 22, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  3. Rupsha Banerjee & Josey Kamanda & Cynthia Bantilan & Naveen Singh, 2013. "Exploring the relationship between local institutions in SAT India and adaptation to climate variability," Natural Hazards, International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 65(3), pages 1443-1464, February.


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