Using the Market to Address Climate Change: Insights from Theory and Experience
AbstractEmissions of greenhouse gases linked with global climate change are affected by diverse aspects of economic activity, including individual consumption, business investment, and government spending. An effective climate policy will have to modify the decision calculus for these activities in the direction of more efficient generation and use of energy, lower carbon-intensity of energy, and – more broadly – a more carbon-lean economy. The only approach to doing this on a meaningful scale that would be technically feasible and cost-effective is carbon pricing, that is, market-based climate policies that place a shadow-price on carbon dioxide emissions. We examine alternative designs of three such instruments – carbon taxes, cap-and-trade, and clean energy standards. We note that the U.S. political response to possible market-based approaches to climate policy has been and will continue to be largely a function of issues and structural factors that transcend the scope of environmental and climate policy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei in its series Working Papers with number 2011.73.
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
Global Climate Change; Market-Based Instruments; Carbon Pricing; Carbon Taxes; Cap-And-Trade; Clean Energy Standards;
Other versions of this item:
- Aldy, Joseph E. & Stavins, Robert N., 2011. "Using the Market to Address Climate Change: Insights from Theory and Experience," Working Paper Series rwp11-038, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
- Joseph E. Aldy & Robert N. Stavins, 2011. "Using the Market to Address Climate Change: Insights from Theory and Experience," NBER Working Papers 17488, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Aldy, Joseph Edgar & Stavins, Robert Norman, 2011. "Using the Market to Address Climate Change: Insights from Theory and Experience," Scholarly Articles 5241378, Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
- Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters
- Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
- Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
- Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-02-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENE-2012-02-01 (Energy Economics)
- NEP-ENV-2012-02-01 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-REG-2012-02-01 (Regulation)
- NEP-RES-2012-02-01 (Resource Economics)
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