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Debt Policy and Economic Growth in a Small Open Economy Model with Productive Government Spending

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Author Info

  • Koichi Futagami

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Takeo Hori
  • Ryoji Ohdoi

Abstract

In this paper, we examine the effects of introducing constraints on government borrowing using a continuous-time overlapping generations model of a small open economy. We consider government placing constraints on the amount of government bonds outstanding by establishing an upper limit, or target level, for the ratio of government bonds to gross domestic product. We first show that there exist multiple steady states in the model small open economy. One is a steady state with high growth, the other a steady state with low growth. We next examine how changes in the target level for bonds affect economic growth rates at the steady states. If the economy has a positive amount of asset holdings, we obtain the following results. When the government runs budget surpluses, an increase in the target level for government bonds reduces the growth rate of the low-growth economy, but raises the growth rate of the high-growth economy. However, when the government runs budget deficits, an increase in the target level for government bonds raises the growth rate of the low-growth economy, but reduces the growth rate of the high-growth economy. If the economy has a negative amount of asset holdings, the results are ambiguous.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by East Asian Bureau of Economic Research in its series Macroeconomics Working Papers with number 21875.

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Date of creation: Jan 2010
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Handle: RePEc:eab:macroe:21875

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Keywords: continuous-time overlapping generations model; government bonds; steady-state model;

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References

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  1. Barro, R.J., 1988. "Government Spending In A Simple Model Of Endogenous Growth," RCER Working Papers, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER) 130, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  2. Ghosh, Sugata & Mourmouras, Iannis A., 2004. "Endogenous growth, welfare and budgetary regimes," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 623-635, December.
  3. Futagami, Koichi & Iwaisako, Tatsuro & Ohdoi, Ryoji, 2008. "Debt Policy Rule, Productive Government Spending, And Multiple Growth Paths," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(04), pages 445-462, September.
  4. Greiner, Alfred & Semmler, Willi, 2000. "Endogenous Growth, Government Debt and Budgetary Regimes," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 363-384, July.
  5. Bruce, Neil & Turnovsky, Stephen J, 1999. "Budget Balance, Welfare, and the Growth Rate: "Dynamic Scoring" of the Long-Run Government Budget," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 31(2), pages 162-86, May.
  6. Blanchard, Olivier J, 1985. "Debt, Deficits, and Finite Horizons," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(2), pages 223-47, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Kobayashi, Keiichiro, 2013. "A Theory of Public Debt Overhang," CIS Discussion paper series, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University 589, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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