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Möglichkeiten zur Modellierung hoher Einkommen auf Grundlage der Einkommensteuerstatistik


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  • Stefan Bach
  • Bernd Bartholmai


Household survey sample like the German Income and Consumption Survey (EVS) most likely do not adequately represent the upper and lower tails of the income distribution. In order to improve information on the upper income range, income tax statistics may be used. These almost completely capture households with higher incomes. However, the income concept and measures require adjustments, which are only possible to a limited extent. In detail, income from entrepreneurial activity and other capital income raise several problems. Aggregate income information taken from national accounts, which could be used as a framework for calibration, is plagued with similar problems. In this paper we suggest a concept relying on individual income tax statistics, which has recently become available at the German Federal Statistical Office. Haushaltsstichproben wie die EVS spiegeln die Randbereiche der Verteilung nur unzureichend. Um die oberen Einkommensbereiche besser abzubilden, bietet sich eine Analyse der Einkommensteuerstatistik an, in der die "reichen" Haushalte bzw. Personen vollständig sind. Einkommenskonzept und Einkommensdaten erfordern Anpassungen, die allerdings nur in begrenztem Umfang möglich sind. Für Analysen der Einkommensverteilung werfen die Einkünfte aus Unternehmertätigkeit und Vermögen besondere Probleme auf; dies gilt auch für die Volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtrechnung, die als Rahmen herangezogen werden muss. Hier wird ein Auswertungskonzept vorgeschlagen, das auf Individualdaten der Einkommensteuerstatistik Bezug nimmt, die neuerdings beim Statistischen Bundesamt verfügbar sind.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 212.

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Length: 21 p.
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp212

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Cited by:
  1. Merz, Joachim & Vorgrimler, Daniel & Zwick, Markus, 2006. "De facto anonymised microdata file on income tax statistics 1998," MPRA Paper 5740, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Joachim Merz, 2003. "Was fehlt in der EVS? - Eine Verteilungsanalyse hoher Einkommen mit der verknüpften Einkommensteuerstatistik für Selbständige und abhängig Beschäftigte," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 223(1), pages 58-90.
  3. Merz, Joachim & Stolze, Henning & Zwick, Markus, 2006. "Wirkungen alternativer Steuerreformmodelle auf die Einkommensverteilung von Freien und anderen Berufen," MPRA Paper 5844, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Roderich Egeler & Thomas Wöll & Markus Zwick, 2012. "Perspektiven für die amtliche Statistik," AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv, Springer, vol. 5(4), pages 269-284, March.
  5. Joachim, Merz & Henning, Stolz & Markus, Zwick, 2002. "Professions, entrepreneurs, employees and the new German tax (cut) reform 2000 - A MICSIM microsimulation analysis of distributional impacts," MPRA Paper 6345, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Merz, Joachim, 2002. "Reichtum in Deutschland: Hohe Einkommen, ihre Struktur und Verteilung," MPRA Paper 5992, University Library of Munich, Germany.


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