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Etude sur la croissance partagée au Sénégal, 2001-2005

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  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    ()
    (IRD, UMR 225 DIAL, Université Paris Dauphine)

  • Anne-Sophie Robilliard

    ()
    (IRD, UMR 225 DIAL, Université Paris Dauphine)

Abstract

(english) The objective of this study is to take stock of the economic and social achievements of Senegal during the first part of president Wade’s term of office (2001 to 2006). More specifically, we examine the efficiency of the “Accelerated Growth Strategy” (Stratégie de Croissance Accélérée in French or SCA) in the fight against poverty. We start by an analysis of the macroeconomic foundations of growth in Senegal and then examine the evolution of labor market and social indicators over the period under study. We show that growth achievements did not meet the targets set by the SCA. Despite the willingness of the government to promote private investment, the structural change of the macroeconomic foundations of growth was not achieved and growth appears to be still highly dependent on public investment, and, as a result, of foreign aid. We also show that the sectors targeted by the SCA only contributed marginally to the growth of employment. On the other hand, in terms of social development (measured by water access, rural electrification and schooling) progress appears to be significant at the national level and should be attributed to the sustained efforts in social development as promoted by the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). The progress made, however, was not sufficient to significantly reduce the rural/urban gap. _________________________________ (français) L’objet de cette étude est de dresser un bilan des performances économiques et sociales du Sénégal durant la première période de la présidence Wade (2001 à 2006). Plus particulièrement, on s’interroge sur l’efficacité de la stratégie de croissance accélérée (SCA) - fortement défendue par les autorités sénégalaises- à lutter contre la pauvreté. Après un diagnostic sur les fondements de la croissance macro-économique au Sénégal, cette étude examine les évolutions de l’emploi et de plusieurs indicateurs sociaux de développement. Nous montrons tout d’abord que les performances de croissance ont été bien en deçà des objectifs fixés par la SCA. Malgré la volonté des autorités à promouvoir l’investissement privé, les changements structurels des fondements de la croissance macroéconomique souhaités ne sont pas observés et la croissance reste fortement tributaire des fonds publics et, partant, de l’aide internationale, comme durant la période post-dévaluation (1994-2001). Ensuite, l’étude montre que les secteurs cibles de la SCA ne participent qu’assez marginalement à la création d’emplois de ces dernières années. Par contre, en matière de développement social (mesuré par les raccordements à l’eau, l’électricité et la scolarisation des enfants), on note des augmentations assez importantes des niveaux moyens à l’échelle nationale. Ces progrès sont à mettre au compte des politiques de développement social soutenues par le document stratégique de lutte contre la pauvreté (DSRP). Cependant, les améliorations des indicateurs sociaux des ménages pauvres comme des classes moyennes, notamment en milieu rural, bien que réelles ne permettent pas une réduction significative du dualisme ville/campagne.

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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2010/07.

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Length: 56 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201007

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Keywords: Senegal; growth; poverty; inequality; Sénégal; croissance; pauvreté; inégalité.;

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  1. Antoine, Philippe & Adjamagbo, Agnès, 2002. "Le Sénégal face au défi démographique," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4575, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Agnès Adjamagbo & Philippe Antoine, 2002. "Le Sénégal face au défi démographique," Working Papers DT/2002/07, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
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