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Politique éducative et marché du travail en Afrique du Sud. Une analyse en EGC

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  • Hélène Maisonnnave

    (Post-doc fellow at Free State University, Economic department and CARE Université de Rouen)

  • Benard Decaluwé

    (Départment d’économique, CIRPEE, Université Laval et Réseau)

Abstract

Cet article analyse l'impact d'une augmentation des dépenses publiques en éducation sur la performance du système éducatif sud africain et ses conséquences sur le marché du travail en utilisant un Modèle d'Équilibre Général Calculable (MEGC) en dynamique séquentielle. Le système éducatif sud africain porte des stigmates de l'Apartheid et une intervention publique plus accentuée est l'un des moyens envisagés pour corriger les inégalités héritées de l'ancien régime politique. Nos résultats montrent une amélioration des performances des étudiants et des effets positifs à court terme sur l'économie. A long terme, la population sud africaine, et en particulier les African devient plus qualifiée, mais l'économie ne créant pas suffisamment d'emplois, une partie des ces nouveaux qualifiés se retrouve au chômage.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2010033.

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Length: 46
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2010033

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Keywords: modèles d’équilibre général calculable; éducation; Afrique du Sud;

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