Long Term Contracts in International Trade
AbstractCountertrade agreements in international trade refer to a practice in which an exporter agrees to purchase in the future, from the importer, commodities proportional to his original export sale. The paper analyzes why it might be efficient for agents to undertake trade through a reciprocal long-term transaction rather than a conventional spot transaction. More specifically, the paper argues that countertrade represents a rational response to market incompleteness because it allows the forward selling of commodities where no organized futures market exists. In this way countertrade helps reduce risk by providing information on future market conditions and by offering insurance against random fluctuations in these conditio.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 413.
Date of creation: Apr 1990
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- Caves, R.E. & Marin, D., 1992.
"Countertrade Transactions: Theory and Evidence,"
Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers
1599, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
- Amann, Erwin & Marin, Dalia, 1994. "Risk-Sharing in International Trade," Munich Reprints in Economics 3110, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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