Trade, Migration and Convergence: An Historical Perspective
AbstractTheory is ambiguous as to how globalization influences the relative performances of rich and poor countries. This paper surveys some recent literature on the historical links between international commodity and factor market integration and convergence. Focusing on the late nineteenth century, a period both of globalization and convergence, it shows that trade had an important impact on factor prices in some countries, just as Heckscher and Ohlin would have predicted. Migration was a more important force for convergence during this period, however. The analysis suggests that more attention should be paid to open economy forces when discussing convergence.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 1319.
Date of creation: Jan 1996
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
- N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
- N70 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - General, International, or Comparative
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