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El cultivo de ñame en el Caribe colombiano

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  • Yuri C. Reina Aranza

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Abstract

Yam (Dioscorea) is one of the six genera belonging to the family of Dioscoraceae and originated in Africa and Asia. In Colombia, yam production is specifically located in the Caribbean region and became a key product in the people´s diet. In 2010, Colombia was among the 12 countries with the highest yam production in the world, ranked first in terms of yields per hectare. Although its main use is for food, studies have shown that it is useful in the pharmaceutical industry and in the manufacturing of bioplastics. However, in Colombia there is no evidence of the use of this product in areas other than food. RESUMEN: El ñame (Dioscorea) es uno de los seis géneros pertenecientes a la familia de los Dioscoraceae y es originario de África y Asia. En Colombia la producción de ñame se ha ubicado específicamente en la región Caribe, donde se ha constituido como producto clave en la dieta de la población de esta zona. En 2010, Colombia se ubicó entre los 12 países con mayor producción de ñame a nivel mundial y ocupó el primer lugar en rendimiento de toneladas por hectárea sembrada. Aunque su principal uso es el alimenticio, varios estudios han demostrado su utilidad en la industria farmacéutica y la fabricación de bioplásticos. Sin embargo, en Colombia no se encuentra evidencia del aprovechamiento de este producto en otras áreas diferentes a la alimentación.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 009673.

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Date of creation: 14 Jun 2012
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:009673

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Keywords: ñame; región Caribe colombiana; producción; rendimiento.;

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