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El sector industrial en Barranquilla en el siglo XXI: ¿Cambian finalmente las tendencias?

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  • Leonardo Bonilla Mejía

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Abstract

Luego de un largo periodo de estancamiento, el sector industrial de Barranquilla ha venido mostrando señales de recuperación. El principal objetivo del presente documento es verificar si efectivamente se han producido cambios en la tendencia durante la última década. Las estadísticas muestran que el sector tuvo resultados razonablemente buenos, y ha vuelto a ser uno de los motores de la economía de la ciudad. Sin embargo, las tasas de crecimiento siguen siendo inferiores al promedio nacional y los efectos sobre el empleo han sido modestos. La relativamente baja capacidad de crear empleo se explica en parte porque los sectores líderes se caracterizan por las grandes empresas, con alta intensidad en capital y vocación exportadora. La industria barranquillera está, de hecho, más abierta a los mercados internacionales que la de otras ciudades, aún cuando el mercado nacional sigue siendo de lejos el más importante. En cuanto a la localización de la industria, se observa que la concentración en el Área metropolitana de Barranquilla es cada vez mayor, destacándose el crecimiento en la participación de Malambo y Soledad. A nivel de barrios, los que registraron los mayores crecimientos son Las Flores, Zona Franca-Sociedad Portuaria y sus respectivas áreas de influencia. After a long period of stagnation, the industrial sector of Barranquilla has been showing signs of recovery. The purpose of this paper is to corroborate if trends have actually changed throughout the past decade. Statistics show that industry had some reasonably good years, and it is again one of the major economic engines of the city. Its growth rates, however, are still under the national average and the positive effects on the labor market are modest. The relatively low capacity to create jobs can be explained by fact that the leading sectors are mostly composed by big companies with high capital intensity and export vocation. Barranquilla is in fact more open to international markets than other cities, even though the domestic market is still, by far, the most important one. Regarding the location of industry, concentration around the Metropolitan Area of Barranquilla is increasing, Malambo and Soledad are the municipalities that increased their share the most. The neighborhoods where industry grew the most are Las Flores, Zona Franca-Sociedad Portuaria and their influence areas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 007812.

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Date of creation: 27 Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:007812

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Cited by:
  1. Gerson Javier Pérez Valbuena, 2013. "Barranquilla: avances recientes en sus indicadores socioeconómicos, y logros en la accesibilidad geográfica a la red pública hospitalaria," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 010766, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.

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