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Effects of Reserve Requirements in an Inflation Targeting Regime: The Case of Colombia

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  • Hernando Vargas Herrera

    ()

  • Carlos Varela

    ()

  • Yanneth R. Betancourt

    ()

  • Norberto Rodríguez

    ()

Abstract

The Colombian economy and financial system have coped reasonably well with the effects of the global financial crisis. Hence, unconventional" policy measures have not been at the center of the policy decisions and discussions. Nominal short term interest rates have remained the main monetary policy tool and "Quantitative easing" measures have not been central in the policy response. The one "unconventional" monetary instrument used by the Central Bank in Colombia has been changes in reserve requirements (RR) on financial system deposits. Interestingly, they were adopted before the global financial crisis, as a reaction to domestic credit conditions. The effects of RR on interest rate and interest rate pass-through in an inflation targeting regime are not as straightforward as those under a monetary targeting regime. Conceptually, those effects depend on the degree of substitution between deposits and central bank credit as sources of funds for banks and on the extent to which RR changes affect the risks facing banks. The empirical results for Colombia suggest that RR are important long run determinants of business loan interest rates and have been effective in strengthening the pass-through from policy to deposit and lending interest rates. "

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 006710.

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Length: 40
Date of creation: 11 Feb 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:006710

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Keywords: Reserve Requirements; Inflation Targeting; Interest rate pass-through.;

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References

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  1. Agustín Saade Ospina & David Pérez-Reyna, . "Cambios en los incentivos de los bancos como consecuencia de modificaciones en los esquemas de encaje," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 041, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
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Cited by:
  1. Koray Alper & S. Tolga Tiryaki, 2011. "Zorunlu Karsiliklarin Para Politikasindaki Yeri," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1108, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  2. Christian Glocker & Pascal Towbin, 2012. "Reserve Requirements for Price and Financial Stability: When Are They Effective?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 8(1), pages 65-114, March.
  3. Ramon Moreno, 2011. "Central bank instruments to deal with the effects of the crisis on emerging market economies," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), The global crisis and financial intermediation in emerging market economies, volume 54, pages 73-96 Bank for International Settlements.
  4. Tovar, Camilo & Garcia-Escribano, Mercedes & Vera, Mercedes, 2012. "El crecimiento del crédito y la efectividad de los requerimientos de encaje y otros instrumentos macroprudenciales en América Latina," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 24, pages 45-64.
  5. Christian Bustamante, 2011. "Política monetaria contracíclica y encaje bancario," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008202, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  6. Glocker, Ch. & Towbin P., 2012. "The Macroeconomic Effects of Reserve Requirements," Working papers 374, Banque de France.
  7. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009745, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  8. Hernando Vargas Herrera & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "The Use of Reserve Requirements in an Optimal Monetary Policy Framework," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009824, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  9. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "The Use of Reserve Requirements in an Optimal Monetary Policy Framework," Borradores de Economia 716i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  10. Ramon Moreno, 2011. "Policymaking from a "macroprudential" perspective in emerging market economies," BIS Working Papers 336, Bank for International Settlements.
  11. Hernando Vargas H, 2011. "Monetary policy and the exchange rate in Colombia," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Capital flows, commodity price movements and foreign exchange intervention, volume 57, pages 129-153 Bank for International Settlements.
  12. Ramon Moreno, 2011. "Foreign exchange market intervention in EMEs: implications for central banks," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Capital flows, commodity price movements and foreign exchange intervention, volume 57, pages 65-86 Bank for International Settlements.
  13. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima?," Borradores de Economia 716, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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