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The Macroeconomic Effects of Reserve Requirements

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  • Glocker, Ch.
  • Towbin P.

Abstract

Monetary authorities in emerging markets are often reluctant to raise interest rates when dealing with credit booms driven by capital inflows, as they fear that an increase attracts even more capital and appreciates the currency. A number of countries therefore use reserve requirements as an additional policy instrument. The present study provides evidence on their macroeconomic effects. We estimate a vector autoregressive (VAR) model for the Brazilian economy and identify interest rate and reserve requirement shocks. For both instruments a discretionary tightening leads to a decline in domestic credit. We find, however, very different effects for other macroeconomic aggregates. In contrast to interest rate policy, a positive reserve requirement shock leads to an exchange rate depreciation and an improvement in the current account, but also to an increase in prices. The results suggest that reserve requirement policy can complement interest rate policy in pursuing a financial stability objective, but cannot be its substitute with regards to a price stability objective.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 374.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:374

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Keywords: Reserve Requirements; Capital flows; Monetary Policy; Business Cycle.;

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Cited by:
  1. Tovar, Camilo & Garcia-Escribano, Mercedes & Vera, Mercedes, 2012. "El crecimiento del crédito y la efectividad de los requerimientos de encaje y otros instrumentos macroprudenciales en América Latina," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 24, pages 45-64.
  2. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009745, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. International Monetary Fund, 2012. "Credit Growth and the Effectiveness of Reserve Requirements and Other Macroprudential Instruments in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 12/142, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Hernando Vargas Herrera & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "The Use of Reserve Requirements in an Optimal Monetary Policy Framework," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009824, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  5. Oğuz Esen & Ayla Oğuş Binatlı, 2013. "The Minsky Perspective on Macroprudential Policy," Working Papers wp308, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
  6. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "The Use of Reserve Requirements in an Optimal Monetary Policy Framework," Borradores de Economia 716i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  7. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima?," Borradores de Economia 716, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  8. Cordella, Tito & Federico, Pablo & Vegh, Carlos & Vuletin, Guillermo, 2014. "Reserve requirements in the brave new macroprudential world," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6793, The World Bank.

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