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¿Los consumidores colombianos de combustibles reciben subsidios o, en neto, pagan impuestos?


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  • Hernán Rincón



El objetivo del documento es analizar los subsidios e impuestos al consumo decombustibles en Colombia y verificar si los primeros han sido mayores que los segundos.El marco conceptual es un modelo simple de equilibrio parcial donde existen sólo dosagentes: el sector público (paga subsidios y cobra impuestos) y el consumidor decombustibles (recibe subsidios y paga impuestos). Las estadísticas indican que el subsidioal consumo, el cual genera una pérdida de eficiencia y bienestar para el país, ha osciladoanualmente alrededor de 0,8% del PIB. Por otro lado, los impuestos a los combustibles hanoscilado anualmente alrededor de 1,1% del PIB. En neto, los consumidores colombianosde combustibles han recibido un subsidio negativo, es decir, han pagado impuestos.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 005209.

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Length: 18
Date of creation: 11 Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000094:005209

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Keywords: precios de los combustibles; precio regulado y de paridad; subsidio; impuestos; subsidio neto al consumo de combustibles.;

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Cited by:
  1. Hernando Vargas & Andrés González & Eliana González & Jose Vicente Romero & Luis Eduardo Rojas, . "Assessing Inflationary Pressures in Colombia," Borradores de Economia 558, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    • Hernando Vargas & Andrés González & Eliana González & José Vicente Romero & José Luis Eduardo Rojas, 2010. "Assessing inflationary pressures in Colombia," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Monetary policy and the measurement of inflation: prices, wages and expectations, volume 49, pages 129-171 Bank for International Settlements.


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