Explaining Maoist control and level of civil conflict in Nepal
AbstractDoes poverty or inequality explain the Maoist insurgency in Nepal? In contrast to previous studies we limit the analysis to the hill/mountain districts of Nepal as very few terai (plains) districts are classified as Maoist. And we conduct separate analyses for Maoist control and level of conflict. We find that income poverty and land-inequality are main determinants of Maoist influence, while the less visible income inequality is not so important. We also demonstrate that previous findings by Murshed and Gates (2005), where landlessness appears to be important, are due to two outliers that are the core Maoist districts. Without the outliers landlessness is negatively, and not positively, correlated with Maoist influence.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute), Bergen, Norway in its series CMI Working Papers with number 10.
Length: 14 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Civil war Data issues Nepal;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
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- Jean-Marie Baland & François Libois & Dilip Mookherjee, 2012.
"Firewood collections and economic growth in rural Nepal 1995-2010: Evidence from a household panel,"
1215, University of Namur, Department of Economics.
- Baland, Jean-Marie & Libois, Francois & Mookherjee, Dilip, 2013. "Firewood Collections and Economic Growth in Rural Nepal 1995-2010: Evidence from a Household Panel," CEPR Discussion Papers 9394, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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